OPENING SPEECH ON “INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT PLANNING IN COUNTY AND URBAN AREAS” BY DR. EDWARD SAMBILI, CBS, PERMANENT SECRETARY, MINISTRY OF DEVOLUTION AND PLANNING AT THE WORKSHOP ON INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT PLANNING, 9.00 AM., 29th MAY 2013, LAICO REGENCY HOTEL.
Ministry of Local Government,
Urban Development Directorate,
County Director of the World Bank,
Ladies and Gentlemen:
I would like to start by stating that it is a great honour for me to have been requested to provide an opening address to this very timely and important workshop on Integrated Development Planning at urban and county level. As a nation, we are now at the most important turning point our constitutional history since independence as we implement the policy of devolved government, after many years of being ruled as a centralized state.
Speaking from a Ministry of Planning point of view, the Kenya Constitution of 2010 created a two-tier system of governance, which will also require a two-tier system of planning. This calls for a paradigm shift in our development planning system. Previously, our planning was guided by a national 5-year plan, for the country as a whole.
Article 220(2) (a) of the Constitution now states, “National legislation shall prescribe the structure of development plans and budgets” at the county and national levels. The Constitution further states that, “Integrated Development Planning” will form the basis of how annual budgets of the counties will be formulated. That enabling legislation has now been passed under a number of Acts by our Parliament. These include the County Governments Act, the Public Finance Management Act, the Urban Areas and Cities Act, the Intergovernmental Relations Act, the Transition to Devolved Government Act, and the County Governments Public Finance Management Transition Act. It is necessary to familiarize ourselves with this legislation as we think about the two-tier system of planning, that we are now required to implement.
With legislation in place, it is now time to act, as we have no time to spare. Implementation of devolution has already started under the Transition Authority. However, “Integrated Development Planning” which by law should guide county budgeting, project funding, monitoring and evaluation or has so far not been fully explained on initiated. On our part, the Ministry of Planning, National Development and Vision 2030, has already prepared county plan guidelines based on the best global practices on integrated planning and implementation at county and urban level. These guidelines will be made available to our county planners, and county governors.
Ladies and Gentlemen,
Integrated development planning is defined as “a process through which efforts at national and devolved levels of government and other relevant public institutions are coordinated at local level, and through which economic, social, environmental, legal and spatial aspects of development are brought together to produce a plan that meets the need and targets set for the benefit of local communities”
This definition sums up the new planning process at county level and in our urban areas on which we are about to begin.
Over the years, the Rural Development Directorate of the Ministry of Planning, National Development and Vision 2030, has prepared district development plans on the basis of locally-identified priorities, drawing on locally-collected data, and utilizing the large national data pool on economic, social and demographic data collected by our Kenya National Bureau of Statistics. Some basic KNBS data is broken down to county level and in many cases even down to ward level.
After the boundaries of the 47 counties were demarcated by the Independent Electoral and Boundaries Commission, the Ministry in anticipation of the fact that the counties proposed under the constitution would require sound planning data, proceeded to produce “County Profiles.” County profiles, in our view, constitute an excellent starting point for the proposed county strategic plans. A county profile consists of the following basic information:
i) General information, i.e. population size by gender and age, county size, county poverty ratio, urbanization ratio, etc.
ii) County Health and Education scores
iii) Per capita funding from CDF, LATF, and Rural Electrification Projects
iv) Local taxation sources and amounts.
v) Access to modern infrastructure; i.e., population with access to improved water sources, percentage of households with improved sanitation, electricity connections by households, county road network in kilometers, etc.
vi) Public Services Coverage; i.e., percentage of babies delivered by trained health care givers, child vaccination ratio, stunting among children, child and adult literacy levels, etc.
The 2009 population census data also contains useful county-level data. We in the Ministry believe that such information, in addition to the national sources from KNBS cited earlier will serve a very useful purpose in shaping the Integrated urban and County Strategic Plans.
Ladies and Gentlemen,
From our previous experience with district planning, our Ministry has found local participation in the formulation of district plans to be an absolute necessity if local people are to own the plans and defend the priorities contained in them. Participation by the public and transparency are also required by the Constitution. We cannot get away from this requirement.
Towards the end of last year, the Ministry of Planning, National Development and Vision 2030 carried out extensive consultations with local leaders and communities on their priority projects for the Second Medium Term Plan of Kenya Vision 2030. Summaries of those findings, which are available from our ministry, would form an excellent start in formulating local priorities in county planning.
Another significant contribution, which we think our Ministry could make to the process of integrated county planning, comes from our experience in training district development officers in formulation, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of district plans. Although the county plans will never be the same, since the counties themselves differ, there is some basic quality and analytical rigour, which they should all meet. All this calls for some focused centralized training to achieve that objective. Again, our Ministry would be quite ready to share its experience in training for local-level
planning with those who will be charged with preparation of county and urban strategic plans.
Finally, monitoring and evaluation of development projects and programmes is now accepted as a professional necessity in planning. If a county of an urban centre cannot evaluate how much of its plan has been achieved, it will be moving ahead without adequate information. Such a county is likely to miss its development targets. We in the Ministry of Planning have developed a national framework of monitoring and evaluation of Kenya Vision 2030 projects and programmes, whose results appear each year as the “Annual performance Report of Kenya Vision 2030.” It has always been our intention to roll out monitoring and evaluation to county level. Devolution and county planning now provide an excellent opportunity to integrate monitoring and evaluation into county plans. As we move towards the preparation of county and urban plans, let us keep monitoring and evaluation in mind, and make it a planning requirement.
Ladies and Gentlemen:
Challenges bring out the best in our people. Whenever we face a challenge, we as Kenyans unite and work together. I see some of that spirit as our nation begins the new task of devolution. Working together, we shall succeed. The Ministry of Devolution and Planning will do all it can to ensure that planning of under devolution succeeds.
It is my hope that this workshop on integrated development plans will help us all to think through the best ways of formulating and implementing integrated county and urban plans successfully, and monitoring the extent of that success.
Your have my sincere best wishes in their regard
Thank you for listening to me, and God bless all of you.